This lesson will describe when to use adjectives that end in -ed and when to use adjectives that end in -ing. The exercises for this topic are here. The conversation exercises are here.
An adjective is a describing word. Adjectives describe nouns (things).
What an interesting book!
Some adjectives end in -ed: Embarrassed, tired, excited. We use adjectives that end in -ed to describe feelings and experiences.
Some adjectives end in -ing: Embarrassing, tiring, exciting. We use adjectives ending in -ed to describe things that make us feel a certain way.
Physical work is very tiring, it makes me feel tired.
Describe a feeling
“He felt tired and went to bed.”
“The class was about statistics, the students were bored.”
“She’s studying music production because she’s interested in recording her own songs.”
Have you ever seen a film that really frightened you?
Describe something that has an effect on someone or something.
After a tiring day he went to bed.
The class was about regex expressions in MIDI hardware, it was really boring.
She’s studying music production because thinks that it would be interesting to record her own songs.
Have you ever seen a film that was really frightening?
Let’s see how they relate.
Frightening things make you feel frightened.
Here is a list of common adjectives in their -ed and -ing forms.
|Adjective Ending in -ed||Adjectives Ending in -ing|
Use these questions to practise using these adjectives in context. Try to repeat the adjective as many times as possible when you answer the questions.