In this lesson you will learn everything you need to know about possessives in English grammar. This lesson is part of a full Upper-Intermediate English Course (B2 CEFR). You can find the classroom presentation version of this lesson in the Materials tab above. You can find the exercises for possessives at the bottom of this page.
To say that something belongs to someone add an ‘s.
Names that end in S can take another S for possession, but don’t have to. It’s optional. Both of the forms in the following examples are correct.
You can use whichever of these forms you prefer.
When we have a list of people or other nous that something belongs to, just add the ‘s to the last item on the list, not to all of them.
Plurals that already have an “S” don’t need another for possession.
Plurals that don’t have an “S” DO need a possessive “S”
What’s the difference between:
Don’t use ‘s when talking about a component or characteristic. Use this form instead:
Time phrases can take an ‘s form.
|Personal Pronoun||Possessive adjective||Possessive Pronoun|
The possessive for “it” doesn’t have an apostrophe (‘).
“It’s” means “it is”.
We use possessive adjectives to describe nouns.
This is my book.
Use possessive nouns as to substitute possessive adjectives and nouns.
We use possessive adjectives when talking about parts of our bodies:
This form uses a possessive pronoun or noun after “of”.
Do you think you can remember all of that? Check your comprehension with these interactive exercises.