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For questions 1-8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or “chip”) of semiconductor material, usually silicon. The IC’s mass capability, has ensured the rapid adoption of standardized ICs in place of designs using discrete transistors.Very-large-scale integration was made practical by advancements in metal–oxide–silicon (MOS) semiconductor device fabrication. Since their origins in the 1960s, the capacity of chips has progressed enormously, by technical advances that fit more and more MOS transistors on chips of the same size. ICs have two main advantages over discrete circuits: cost and . The cost is low because the chips are printed as a unit by photolithography rather than being one transistor at a time. Performance is high because the IC’s components switch quickly and consume little power because of their small size and proximity.
Adapted from WIKIPEDIA.